Those Pains Could Be Fibroid?
Fibroids are non-cancerous (benign) tumors that grow from the muscle layers of the uterus (womb).
They are also known as uterine fibroids, leiomyomas, or myomas. Fibroids affect at least 20 percent of all women at some point in their life.
However, women of reproductive age are the most likely to develop them. Also, overweight and obese women have a significantly higher risk of developing fibroids, compared with women of normal weight.
Four Types of Fibroids
Intramural fibroids, Sub-serosal fibroids, Sub-mucosal fibroids, Cervical fibroids.
Causes of Fibroids:
During a woman’s reproductive years, estrogen and progesterone levels are high. When estrogen levels are high, especially during pregnancy, fibroids tend to swell, and when estrogen levels are low, fibroids may shrink,
This especially happens during a woman’s menopause.
Heredity: This may also be a factor; women whose close relatives have had fibroids have a higher risk of developing them.
Symptoms of uterine fibroids:
Some women have no symptoms, but around 1 in 3 will experience symptoms, such as
Anemia (as a result of heavy periods), Backache,
Discomfort in the lower abdomen (especially if fibroids are large),
Heavy painful periods,
Pain in the legs,
Swelling in the lower abdomen (especially if fibroids are large)
Diagnosis of Fibroids:
The typical test for the diagnoses of fibroids is Pelvic Ultrasound Scan. This can detect fibroids, determine size and multiple sites. It can also help eliminate other possible conditions which may have similar symptoms.
An ultrasound probe can be used over the abdomen or trans-vaginally (a small probe is inserted into the vagina). This may help visualize cervical and submucosal types better.
MRI – this is an advanced type of imaging to best make the diagnosis of fibroids. It can also be used to determine size and if there are multiple fibroids in the uterus.
Hysteroscopy – a small telescope to examine the inside of the uterus. During this procedure, if necessary, a biopsy (small tissue sample) can be taken of the lining of the uterus.
To reduce the risk of having fibroids, we recommend an increased intake of fruit and vegetables.
If you notice any of the above mentioned symptoms or you think you may have a fibroid, consult your physician.
All investigations required to make a diagnosis of fibroid are available at Afriglobal Medicare. Let’s help you make that diagnosis with our state-of-the-art facilities.